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Glossary & History of Jailbreaking

jailbreak unlock

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#1 Hacker

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Posted 10 January 2010 - 09:22 PM

Glossary of Jailbreaking Terms

Ok this is going to be a glossary of words and phrases you'll hear a lot if but might not know what they mean! :D

Jailbreak
The process used to open the software of an iDevice to allow the user greater access to the device to install non-Apple-approved software.

Unlock
To allow an iPhone to be used on an unofficial carrier. It requires the device to be jailbroken first.

Tethered
This means the device is not permanently jailbroken, so when the device turns off, you will have to re-activate the jailbreak.

Hacktivate
To activate an iPhone using a jailbreaking tool without an official SIM. Without this you would be stuck at the emergency call screen.

Dev-team
A group of hackers & developers that make the jailbreaking and unlocking programs.

Geohot
Geohot was a member of the dev-team but now develops jailbreaks and other hacks alone. Geohot developed blackra1n, blacksn0w (unlock), and limera1n.

Firmware
The operating system that all iPhones, iPod Touches, and iPads run. To download firmware click here.

Custom Firmware
A firmware file that is created with the jailbreak already installed, so when installed through iTunes, it will already be jailbroken.

Baseband
The baseband is what the phone modem/antennae runs off of. Baseband is critical for those who unlock as when there are new firmware updates, new basebands come with them and are not always as easily unlocked as jailbroken. Unlockers usually want to use tools like sn0wbreeze and PwnageTool as they preserve the baseband while updating the firmware, allowing an unlock. iPhone owners on official carriers don't care about baseband unless they are preserving it to make the phone worth more for sale later.

Cydia
The jailbreaker's app store. This is where you can download apps and tweaks that are not allowed in Apple's store. This is the main reason to jailbreak as it allows you access to all those cool modifications and apps that made you want to jailbreak in the first place.

Repos/Sources
You will hear people mention repos and sources a lot. What they are is websites designed to be used by Cydia to get apps from more places than the default few. To add a repo (example... apt.ihackmyi.com) open cydia, go to manage, click sources, now click edit and then add. You can now type in the new repo and get even more apps!

SHSH Blobs
SHSH blobs (short for Signature Hash) are are a code which apple gives out to validate a firmware, if iTunes doesn't get that verification code from Apple due to a newer firmware release, iTunes will not restore the firmware. Jailbreakers who have an iPhone 3GS/4, iPod Touch 3G/4G or iPad/iPad 2 will need to backup these SHSH Blobs in order to use them at a later date to spoof the verification so iTunes can restore your device the older firmware. The iPhone 3G and iPod 2G don't need this verification at all.

SSH
SSH (Secure Shell) is a network protocol, which allows file transfer via SFTP between 2 things. For iDevice users, SSH is a method of file transfer between your iDevice and computer over a network which can be achieved with OpenSSH from Cydia and an SSH client like WinSCP or CyberDuck (Mac). Of course now there are easier ways of getting files to and from your iDevice, like iFunBox, which only requires a USB cable and is very easy to use.

Springboard
This is the desktop of your iDevice where your apps are accessible. It's your like your homepage.

Respring
This is a common term that refers to restarting your springboard. This is often necessary for tweaks or packages to take effect. It's also called a "soft reboot". This normally takes about 5 seconds.

Reboot
This is similar to turning your device off, then on again. This is useful because sometimes, your device will become unresponsive and the power button will not work. You can always reboot. To do so, press the home button and the power button simultaneously for 3 seconds.

Bootloop
This is every jailbreaker's worst nightmare. This occurs after you reboot. During a bootloop, you will see a spinning white loading circle appear over and over until it's completely white. Normally, the circle will only appear once, not again and again. Bootloops are normally caused by a faulty Cydia Package or by messing with the internal files of your iDevice.

Click here for frequently asked support questions.

Click here for the latest jailbreaks and unlocks.


Thanks to Madada7 for input.

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#2 Hacker

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Posted 10 January 2010 - 10:11 PM

History of Jailbreaking

July 10, 2007 - The first jailbreaking method is released which initially is meant to provide a way to use custom ringtones. On August 6, 2007 the first third-party game is released for the iPhone and iPod Touch.

October 10, 2007 - About 3 months after the original iPhone is released, another method to jailbreak the iPhone is discovered. Apple and hackers then engage in a battle to patch up security holes and to exploit them. Hackers eventually release a tool to permanently jailbreak iPhone OS 1.0.

July 11, 2008 - On the release of iPhone OS 2.0, a hacker group called the iPhone Dev Team releases a jailbreaking application that used a graphical user interface named PwnageTool.

January 2009 - The iPhone Dev Team commences work on jailbreaking the iPod Touch 2G. "redsn0w lite" is the code name for a tethered iPod Touch 2G jailbreak, and in April, redsn0w 0.1 was released.

March 10, 2009 - The untethered jailbreak is released for the iPod Touch 2G utilizing an exploit found by the Chronic Dev Team, and developed with the help of iPhone Dev Team member "planetbeing". It was released as a rough patch, and was not implemented into a GUI until next month, when planetbeing made "redsn0w" based on QuickPwn sources.

March 17, 2009 - Apple announces the release of iPhone OS 3.0. Three months later, the iPhone Dev Team released PwnageTool 3.0 and redsn0w 0.7.2, which allowed users of the original iPhone, iPhone 3G, and iPod Touch running the OS 3.0 to be jailbroken on both Macs and PCs

September 9, 2009 - Apple releases iPhone OS 3.1, again disabling the ability to jailbreak the device. Once again the dev team released a jailbreak for all devices (except for the iPod Touch 3rd Generation), called Pwnage Tool 3.1-3.

October 11, 2009 - George Hotz, known under alias "geohot", releases the tool "blackra1n", which allows the jailbreaking of all iPhones and iPod touch devices running iPhone OS 3.1.2 (although the iPod touch 3rd generation is tethered - it must be plugged into a computer everytime it boots).

May 2, 2010 - Comex releases Spirit to jailbreak iPhones and iPod Touches on 3.1.3 and the new iPad on 3.2. It works similar to blackra1n using a one click method.

August 1, 2010 - Comex releases JailbreakMe which jailbreaks the device by going to a website jailbreakme.com. It jailbreaks all devices from 3.1.2 - 4.0.1 and is the first method to jailbreak the new iPhone 4.

September 23, 2010 - iH8sn0w releases sn0wbreeze 2 which is the first jailbreak for 4.1, although it is tethered and limited on which devices it works on.

October 9, 2010 - Geohot surprises everyone by coming out of retirement and releasing limera1n which jailbreaks 4.1 and 3.2.2 (iPad). He does this right before the Chronic Dev Team was about to release their jailbreak - greenpois0n. It uses a previously unknown bootroom vulnerability.

October 12, 2010 - The Chronic Dev Team finally releases greenpois0n to jailbreak 4.1/3.2.2 which is now altered to use the limera1n exploit instead of wasting the SHAtter exploit they originally planned on.

October 20, 2010 - The iPhone Dev Team releases PwnageTool 4.1 for Macs which jailbreaks 4.1/3.2.2.

November 1, 2010 - The iPhone Dev Team releases redsn0w 0.9.6b2 which jailbreaks 4.1/3.2.2.

November 13, 2010 - iH8sn0w releases sn0wbreeze 2.1 which jailbreaks 4.1/3.2.2.

November 22, 2010 - Redsn0w 0.9.6b3 is released which jailbreaks 4.2.1.

November 28, 2010 - PwnageTool 4.1.3 is released which jailbreaks 4.2.1 and also allows installation of the iPad baseband 6.15.00 on iPhones which can be unlocked with an updated ultrasn0w.

November 29, 2010 - Redsn0w 0.9.6b5 is released which allows installation of the iPad baseband on iPhones, allowing an unlock.

December 3, 2010 - Redsn0w 0.9.6b6 is released which supports hactivation.

December 24, 2010 - A series of redsn0w betas are released over the next couple of weeks which fix bugs and support Macs.

February 3, 2011 - Greenpois0n RC5 is released which is an untethered jailbreak for 4.2.1 on all devices that support the firmware.

February 7, 2011 - Greenpois0n RC5.4 is released which jailbreaks the Verizon iPhone on 4.2.6.

February 12, 2011 - Greenpois0n RC6 is released which jailbreaks Apple TV 2G.

February 15, 2011 - The iPhone Dev Team release PwnageTool 4.2 for Macs which jailbreaks all devices on 4.2.1/4.2.6.

February 15, 2011 - iH8sn0w releases sn0wbreeze 2.2 which jailbreaks 4.2.1 on all devices and now includes a Baseband Preservation Mode which allows jailbreaker to retain their baseband while upgrading, allowing an unlock.

April 3, 2011 - The iPhone Dev Team releases redsn0w 0.9.6rc9 and PwnageTool 4.3 which are untethered jailbreaks for 4.3.1 on all devices except iPad 2.

April 4, 2011 - Sn0wbreeze 2.5 is released which jailbreaks all devices on 4.3.1 except iPad 2.

April 18, 2011 - The iPhone Dev Team releases redsn0w 0.9.6rc14 which is an untethered jailbreak for all devices on 4.3.2 except iPad 2 and the Verizon iPhone on 4.2.7.

April 19, 2011 - Sn0wbreeze 2.6 is released which jailbreaks all devices on 4.3.2 except iPad 2 and the Verizon iPhone on 4.2.7.

April 24, 2011 - PwnageTool 4.3.2 is released which jailbreaks all devices on 4.3.2 except iPad 2 and the Verizon iPhone on 4.2.7.

April 24, 2011 - Ultrasn0w 1.2.2 is updated to support 4.3.2. It's not a new unlock but it allows those who preserve their basebands to upgrade to 4.3.2.

April 29, 2011 - iH8sn0w releases sn0wbreeze 2.6.1 which jailbreaks 4.2.7 (Verizon) untethered.

May 6, 2011 - The Dev-Team update PwnageTool and redsn0w to jailbreak 4.3.3 untethered. It marks the third time in a row Apple didn't patch i0n1c's exploit.

May 6, 2011 - iH8sn0w releases sn0wbreeze 2.7 which jailbreaks 4.3.3 & 4.2.8 untethered. Still no one has a jailbreak for iPad2.

July 6, 2011 - JailbreakMe makes its return. It once again takes advantage of a PDF exploit. It jailbreaks just by going to a website and clicking "Install". It is the long awaited first jailbreak for iPad2. It jailbreaks any device on 4.3.3.

July 15, 2011 - Apple releases 4.3.4 which patches the JailbreakMe exploit.

July 16, 2011 - PwnageTool and redsn0w are both released to jailbreak 4.3.4 although it is tethered.

October 2011 - Apple releases iOS 5 which is immediately able to be jailbroken by sn0wbreeze, PwnageTool and redsn0w although they are all tethered.

December 2011 - pod2g turns over exploits to Chronic Dev Team and iPhone Dev-Team to package into an untethered jailbreak.

January 2012 - Asbinthe is released which is an untethered jailbreak for all devices on iOS 5.0.1. redsn0w and sn0wbreeze are also updated to be untethered jailbreaks for 5.0.1. Corona is released which is a package in Cydia that can be installed to untether previously tethered jailbreaks. It is the first jailbreak for iPhone 4S. All current devices have untethered jailbreak options.

March 2012 - redsn0w is updated to jailbreak iOS 5.1, although it is tethered.

May 2012 - Absinthe 2.0 is released, which jailbreaks all devices on iOS 5.1.1. Rocky Racoon is a package in Cydia that can be installed to untether previously tethered jailbreaks. It is the first jailbreak for the new iPad.

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#3 Kolder

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Posted 10 January 2010 - 10:20 PM

very nice tutorial. good job.

#4 Joker

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Posted 10 January 2010 - 10:23 PM

Very nice job man!!!!

#5 SC0U53R

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Posted 10 January 2010 - 10:24 PM

Very good! :)
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#6 Hacker

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Posted 10 January 2010 - 10:29 PM

Kolder said:

very nice tutorial. good job.



Not really a tutorial but a what you should know guide for new members!
:D

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#7 Kolder

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Posted 10 January 2010 - 10:31 PM

lol I noticed that I said tutorial, then felt like an idiot.

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  [STUPID]

#8 Dogismo

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Posted 10 January 2010 - 10:45 PM

This is great

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#9 Hacker

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Posted 10 January 2010 - 10:49 PM

Dogismo said:

This is great



Thankyou it took about an hour in total to Finnish! :D
:D

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#10 Hacker

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Posted 12 January 2010 - 09:06 PM

Updated with "repo" and link to more advanced guide!
:D

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#11 JT

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Posted 14 January 2010 - 05:49 AM

it's b cool if u spelled glossary right

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#12 Kolder

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Posted 14 January 2010 - 06:32 AM

JT said:

it's b cool if u spelled glossary right


You can leave if you're going to insult Hacker. We better not see you spell anything wrong now.

#13 Hacker

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Posted 14 January 2010 - 08:46 AM

Ok ok sorry fixed but remember I write the whole thing out on my iPod touch!
:D

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#14 JT

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Posted 14 January 2010 - 11:39 PM

Kolder said:

JT said:

it's b cool if u spelled glossary right


You can leave if you're going to insult Hacker. We better not see you spell anything wrong now.


Chill out your annoying me now, your not funny.

And it's all good hacker

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#15 Blanket

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Posted 15 January 2010 - 04:13 AM

Nice history I learned something today

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#16 iPoD t0uch

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Posted 16 January 2010 - 04:19 AM

U can do it

#17 Bab13Mama

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Posted 17 January 2010 - 01:39 AM

YAAAAAAAAY!!!!!! thank you!!!!!!!!! This is great!!!!!!!!!

#18 Bab13Mama

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Posted 17 January 2010 - 03:23 AM

Can u add full on explanation of SSH? Until u do, I'm gna go dig the forum for it... Thnx

#19 Hacker

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Posted 17 January 2010 - 01:38 PM

Ok I'll try adding a breif/simple ssh description.
:D

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#20 Rockstar

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Posted 25 January 2010 - 05:04 PM

Wow..pretty cool..tanx hacker